Histopathology involves the examination of sampled whole tissues under the microscope. Specimens require tissue preparation and are treated and analysed using techniques appropriate to the type of tissue and the investigation required. For immediate diagnosis during a surgical procedure a frozen section is performed.
The chemistry department is concerned with the biochemical basis of disease and chemical analysis of body fluids for diagnosis and disease management.
The haematology department is concerned with the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases of the blood and blood forming organs.
The microbiology department is concerned with the identification of microscopic disease causing organisms.
Molecular diagnostics analyses biological markers in the genome (DNA) and proteome (how their cells express their genes as proteins) in medical testing.
Mycobacteriology concerned especially with bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium