Blood is a bodily fluid in humans and animals that delivers the necessary substances (nutrients and oxygen) to cells and transports all metabolic waste products away from those same cells, a typical adult has the blood volume of approximately 5 litres.
Haematology including haemostasis and thrombosis is the study of blood as well as the blood-forming tissues. Most haematology laboratories are set in a healthcare setting, what these laboratories are responsible for is to monitor and diagnose diseases relating to blood and blood-forming organs.
Biomedical scientists work in these laboratories and they perform an array of blood tests that assist in investigating the cellular elements of blood and the number of proteins it consists of including haemoglobin and clotting factors.
Generally haematological tests are performed on blood samples to diagnose diseases like; leukaemia, anaemia and abnormalities of blood coagulation. By working as a member of a team, a haematologist will be required to use their training to work in a variety of healthcare environments, and they may include; haematology, haemostasis or blood transfusion laboratories.
Haematologists provide a clinical interpretation of laboratory data and morphology of blood and bone marrow specimens, they take an active part in every stage of patient management, from initial clinic visit, to laboratory assessment/diagnosis and finally to treatment.